timwhitez starred reverst
2024-5-17 10:53:47 Author: github.com(查看原文) 阅读量:10 收藏

reverst: HTTP reverse tunnels over QUIC

Tunnel Gopher

Ti esrever dna ti pilf nwod gnaht ym tup i

Reverst is a (load-balanced) reverse-tunnel server and Go server-client library built on QUIC and HTTP/3.

  • Go Powered: Written in Go using quic-go
  • Compatible: The Go client package is built on net/http standard-library abstractions
  • Load-balanced: Run multiple instances of your services behind the same tunnel
  • Performant: Built on top of QUIC and HTTP/3


Reverst is for exposing services on the public internet from within restrictive networks (e.g. behind NAT gateways). The tunnel binary is intended to be deployed on the public internet. Client servers then dial out to the tunnels and register themselves on target tunnel groups. A tunnel group is a load-balanced set of client-servers, which is exposed through the reverst tunnel HTTP interface.


Go Reference

The following section refers to the Go tunnel client code. This can be added as a dependency to any Go code that requires exposing through a reverstd tunnel server.


go get go.flipt.io/reverst/client


Server and CLI


The following builds both reverstd (tunnel server) and reverst (tunnel cli client).


Reverst uses Dagger to setup and run an integration test suite.


dagger call testUnit --source=.


dagger call testIntegration --source=.

The test suite sets up a tunnel, registers a server-client to the tunnel and then requests the service through the tunnels HTTP interface.


Head over to the examples directory for some walkthroughs running reverstd and reverst.

Usage and Configuration

Command-Line Flags and Environment Variables

The following flags can be used to configure a running instance of the reverst server.

reverstd -h

  reverstd [FLAGS]

  -l, --log LEVEL                    debug, info, warn or error (default: INFO)
  -a, --tunnel-address STRING        address for accepting tunnelling quic connections (default:
  -s, --http-address STRING          address for serving HTTP requests (default:
  -n, --server-name STRING           server name used to identify tunnel via TLS (required)
  -k, --private-key-path STRING      path to TLS private key PEM file (required)
  -c, --certificate-path STRING      path to TLS certificate PEM file (required)
  -g, --tunnel-groups STRING         path to file or k8s configmap identifier (default: groups.yml)
  -w, --watch-groups                 watch tunnel groups sources for updates
      --management-address STRING    HTTP address for management API
      --max-idle-timeout DURATION    maximum time a connection can be idle (default: 1m0s)
      --keep-alive-period DURATION   period between keep-alive events (default: 30s)

The long form names of each flag can also be referenced as environment variable names. To do so, prefix them with REVERST_, replace each - with _ and uppercase the letters.

For example, --tunnel-address becomes REVERST_TUNNEL_ADDRESS.

Tunnel Groups Configuration YAML


Currently, the tunnel groups configuration can be sourced from two different locations types (file and k8s). Both tunnel group sources support watching sources for changes over time (see -w flag).

  • Local filesystem (file://[path])

The standard and simplest method is to point reverstd at your configuration YAML file on your machine via its path.

reverstd -g path/to/configuration.yml
// alternatively:
reverstd -g file:///path/to/configuration.yml
  • Kubernetes ConfigMap k8s://configmap/[namespace]/[name]/[key]

Alternatively, you can configure reverst to connect to a Kubernetes API server and fetch / watch configuration from.

reverstd -g k8s://configmap/default/tunnelconfig/groups.yml


The reverstd server take a path to a YAML encoded file, which identifies the tunnel groups to be hosted. A tunnel group is a load-balancer on which tunneled servers can register themselves. The file contains a top-level key groups, under which each tunnel group is uniquely named.

    - "some.host.address.dev" # Host for routing inbound HTTP requests to tunnel group
        username: "user"
        password: "pass"

Each group body contains import details for configuring the tunnel groups.


This is an array of strings which is used in routing HTTP requests to the tunnel group when one of the hostnames matches.


This identifies how to authenticate new tunnels attempting to register with the group. Multiple authentication strategies can be enabled at once. The following types are supported:

  • basic supports username and password authentication (default scheme Basic)
  • bearer supports static token based matching (default scheme Bearer)
  • external supports offloading authentication and authorization to an external service (default scheme Bearer)


If enabling both bearer and external you will need to override one of their schemes to distinguish them.

Example configuration with multiple authentication strategies

The following contains all three strategies (basic, bearer and external) enabled at once with different schemes:

    - "some.host.address.dev" # Host for routing inbound HTTP requests to tunnel group
        username: "user"
        password: "pass"
        token: "some-token"
        scheme: "JWT"
        endpoint: "http://some-external-endpoint/auth/ext"

If no strategies are supplied then authentication is disabled (strongly discouraged).

文章来源: https://github.com/flipt-io/reverst